Female genital alterations, performed for cosmetic reasons, receive no censure from the WHO and are legal. These procedures are performed mainly for aesthetic, non-medically indicated reasons, to affirm culturally specific feelings of self-worth and definitions of beauty. These procedures, legally performed on minor children, can include piercing, clitoral unhooding or hoodectomy, the removal of parts […]
The misguided inclusion of female circumcision in the global campaign against FGM has prevented a balanced discussion of a legitimate practice and jeopardises the very rights and freedoms the campaign seeks to protect.
Parents’ rights to consent for their children are not limited by notions of bodily integrity and medical benefit alone and includes the right of parents to elect circumcision for their children.