Gender Equality: Male Circumcision & Female Circumcision

Earlier this year, Icelandic parliamentarians submitted a bill to ban male circumcision. Members of the clergy from the Christian, Muslim and Jewish faiths together lodged protest against this violation of the right to religious freedom and claimed that legitimate concern for the welfare of infants could not justify the stigmatisation of certain religious communities. The […]

“The campaign against Female Genital Cutting: empowering women or reinforcing global inequity?” by Susie Latham

This paper was sent to us by the author who gave us permission to feature it on our website. We’d like to thank Susie Latham for sharing her work with us. In her paper, Latham discusses how the practice of female circumcision was abandoned in  Khuzestan, Iran. Further, it highlights the minimal impact that this […]

Sexual Dysfunction and Female Circumcision; Are they related?

The predominant discourse on female circumcision claims that any alteration of or ritual involving the female genitals, regardless of severity, results in sexual dysfunction. Despite the lack of credible scientific evidence, this myth remains stubbornly prevalent. The rite of Islamic female circumcision is limited to the nicking or slight cutting of the foreskin covering the […]

“Reflecting on the Language We Use” by Rosie Duivenbode

Available at: “ISLAMIC HORIZONS” (JANUARY/FEBRUARY 2018 EDITION, PAGE 54) Abstract: In this article Rosie Duivenbode advocates against using the loaded term “FGM”. She also challenges the slogan that “Islam has nothing to do with FGM”. She stresses the need for honest and open intra-community dialogue and systematic research into the practice of female circumcision. To do […]

Who Speaks for the Indonesian Female Circumcision? Vesna Bočko

“Khitan Perempuan: Who Speaks for the Indonesian Female Circumcision?”, by Vesna Bočko Available at: https://www.degruyter.com/downloadpdf/j/eas.2016.16.issue-2/eas-2017-0004/eas-2017-0004.pdf Abstract: Throughout the paper the author focuses on the ritual of female circumcision in Indonesian Java, more specifically in the city of Yogyakarta. By the help of fieldwork and academic literature she examines this not merely taboo but also legally […]

Cosmetic Surgeries & Female Circumcision

Female genital alterations, performed for cosmetic reasons, receive no censure from the WHO and are legal. These procedures are performed mainly for aesthetic, non-medically indicated reasons, to affirm culturally specific feelings of self-worth and definitions of beauty. These procedures, legally performed on minor children, can include piercing, clitoral unhooding or hoodectomy, the removal of parts […]

The Protection of or Violation of Human Rights?

This paper argues that WHO wrongly classifies all female circumcision as FGM. It clearly details the limits of the practice of female circumcision and deconstructs the WHO’s reasoning behind their incorrect conflation of female circumcision with FGM. The article claims that WHO relies on an “overly-simplified, culturally-insensitive, and…imperialist approach” in defining the practice of female […]